Davina Two Bears
Anne Ray Fellow
Affiliation at time of award:
Department of Anthropology
Indiana University, Bloomington
Davina Two Bears
Shimásáni dóó Shicheii Bi’ólta’, My Grandparents’ School: Navajo Survivance and Education at the Old Leupp Boarding School, 1909–1942
Davina Two Bears’s research documents the history of the Old Leupp Boarding School (OLBS), a Navajo federal Indian boarding school in operation from 1909 to 1942, and explores Diné (Navajo) survivance within the context of this school. Two Bears employs decolonizing research methods framed by postcolonial theory to investigate the OLBS, which currently exists as a historic archaeological site. She explores how her Diné ancestors utilized their cultural foundations to meet the challenges imposed upon them by a settler society and relates the positive stories of Native survivance achieved within the OLBS.
Utilizing archival records and historic photographs, as well as interviews she conducted with Navajo elders, Two Bears explores topics such as the history of the OLBS, Navajo students’ memories of attending the OLBS, and the treatment of Navajo children enrolled at the OLBS. She asks how a traditional Diné education—which includes caring for one’s family, home, and livestock, as well as oral histories and creation and ceremonial stories—motivated students to survive assimilation within the context of the OLBS. How did Diné children survive and resist their introduction to a Western education in the early twentieth century, which negatively affected traditional Diné education models, family relationships, the physical health and well-being of children, and their language and culture? For what reasons did students drop out of the OLBS? What did reports by government inspectors reveal about the practice of detaining teenage students? How and why did the Navajo language and traditional crafts enter the curriculum at OLBS? Two Bears’s research into the history of the school, its attendees, and the surrounding Diné community is intended to contribute to postcolonial anthropology as a study of culture change, as well as to Diné studies and Native American and indigenous studies.
Generous funding for this Fellowship provided by the Anne Ray Foundation.