Indigenous Collections Care Guide
The ICC Working Group is creating a Guide, which will be a reference tool for people who interact regularly with Native American collections, including those at all levels of experience and exposure. The Guide will offer scalable considerations and templates for implementation, advocacy, and creation of policies and procedures. All information will be presented in practical and accessible language and will be accompanied by a robust set of appendices with example policy statements and procedural forms.
The Guide is anticipated to be ready for tribal community review in early 2023.
Marla Taylor (facilitator), Curator of Collections, Robert S. Peabody Institute of Archaeology at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts
Laura Bryant (facilitator), Anthropology Collections Manager and NAGPRA Coordinator, Gilcrease Museum in Tulsa, Oklahoma
Laura Elliff Cruz, Collections Manager, Indian Arts Research Center, School for Advanced Research in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Please email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Values within the ICC Guide
1. Seek pathways to healing through establishing trust and collaboratively developing new practices. Recognize and acknowledge the colonial systems that led to the acquisition of collections and the ongoing practices that continue to affect their access and care.
The discomfort on all sides can be an opportunity for education, growth, and restorative justice. Recognition and healing can begin through nurturing relationships on any level. Respectful and meaningful collections stewardship, as suggested in this Guide, can be one pathway to healing.
2. Shift the power dynamic so that tribes as sovereign nations have power and intellectual authority over their cultural items.
Actively seek, respect, and incorporate appropriate protocols and language from Tribes in collections care and access. Establish a baseline of care while one seeks to establish these relationships and individual care needs, which will often differ among communities.
3. Prioritize Indigenous knowledge and ways of knowing and redefining the concept of “expert.” Acknowledge, invite, and welcome differences in perspective, values, and framework.
This includes stories, oral histories, and oral traditions. Understand and respect that knowledge and access are privileges, not rights.
4. Engage in meaningful consultation and collaboration with communities in all aspects of collections stewardship.
Consultation is the first step to implementing any form of culturally appropriate care. Be transparent, open, educatable, and adaptable. Collections reviews offer opportunities for transparency and to discuss many of the topics throughout this Guide.
5. Focus on cultural continuity instead of preservation.
Many existing best collections stewardship practices prioritize Western ways of knowing and caring for collections and items. This Guide will show what collections care looks like when Native ways of knowing are prioritized.
3. Shared Language
5. Handling and Housing
6. Spiritual Care
8. New Acquisitions
9. Risk Management
10. Item Records and Catalog Entries
11. Public and Online Databases
13. Reproductions and Imitations
14. Access and Research
15. Indigenous Community Engagement with Collections
Under each of these larger topics will be subsections. We are writing short descriptions of each subsection. When the initial draft of these is complete, we will take the draft to tribal communities for feedback and to also develop and add statements and questions they want museums to ask and consider.