New Geospatial Approaches to the Anthropological Sciences
Edited by Robert L. Anemone and Glenn C. Conroy
Spatial analysis reaches across all the subdisciplines of anthropology. A cultural anthropologist, for example, can use such analysis to trace the extent of distinctive cultural practices; an archaeologist can use it to understand the organization of ancient irrigation systems; a primatologist to quantify the density of primate nesting sites; a paleoanthropologist to explore vast fossil-bearing landscapes.
Arguing that geospatial analysis holds great promise for much anthropological inquiry, the contributors have designed this volume to show how the powerful tools of GIScience can be used to benefit a variety of research programs. This volume brings together scholars who are currently applying state-of-the-art tools, techniques, and methods of geographical information sciences (GIScience) to diverse data sets of anthropological interest. Their questions crosscut the typical “silos” that so often limit scholarly communication among anthropologists and instead recognize a deep structural similarity between the kinds of questions anthropologists ask, the data they collect, and the analytical models and paradigms they each use.
2018. 280 pp., 63 figures, 11 tables, references, index, 6 x 9
Contributors: Robert L. Anemone, W. Andrew Barr, Thomas M. Bown, Sara Burns, Amy Chew, Glenn C. Conroy, Cody Copp, Charles W. Emerson, Michael D. Frachetti, Gregg F. Gunnell, Megan Hart, Cory Henderson, Leslea J. Hlusko, Tyler W. Jones, John Kappelman, Lian Pin Koh, Junshan Liu, Ana Cristina Londoño, Denné N. Reed, Kenneth D. Rose, C. Evan Smith, Zoltan Szantoi, Peter S. Ungar, Benjamin Vining, Serge A. Wich, Patrick Ryan Williams.
Download an excerpt.
A companion website to the book is available: http://geospatialsar.org.
“Overall, the chapters are well written and coherent. . . . The second chapter, though, does an admirable job of explaining much of what may not be known to readers not familiar with current GIScience literature. . . . One particularly interesting idea presented in this volume is the use of quantitative and geographic information system analysis on the 3-D microtopography of dental use wear. . . . Chapters 8 and 9 go further than others in exploring approaches to understanding human decision making. . . . The application of hydro-modeling tools for something other than modeling hydrology is an excellent example of just how much we should be ‘thinking outside the box’ with geospatial analysis.”
—Thomas G. Whitley, Sonoma State University, American Antiquity, April 2019
List of Illustrations
Geospatial Anthropology: Integrating Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Sciences into Anthropological Fieldwork and Analysis
Robert L. Anemone and Glenn C. Conroy
Ongoing Developments in Geospatial Data, Software, and Hardware with Prospects for Anthropological Applications
Charles W. Emerson and Robert L. Anemone
Geospatial Approaches to Hominid Paleontology in Africa: What’s Old, What’s New, and What Doesn’t Change
Leslea J. Hlusko
Assessing Unsupervised Image Classification as an Aid in Paleoanthropological Explorations
Glenn C. Conroy, Amy Chew, Kenneth D. Rose, Thomas M. Bown, Robert L. Anemone, and Gregg F. Gunnell
Taking Virtual Anthropology to the Field: Building Three-Dimensional Digital Outcrop Models of Fossil Localities
Robert L. Anemone, Charles W. Emerson, Tyler W. Jones, Junshan Liu, and Cory Henderson
Tooth Surface Topography: A Scale-Sensitive Approach with Implications for Inferring Dental Adaptation and Diet
Peter S. Ungar
Classifying Land Cover on Very High Resolution Drone-Acquired Orthomosaics
Serge A. Wich, Lian Pin Koh, and Zoltan Szantoi
Understanding the Ecological Decision-Making of Tiwanaku Pastoralists through Geospatial Agent-Based Models 000
Benjamin Vining and Sara Burns
Pastoralist Participation (PastPart): A Model of Mobility and Connectivity across the Inner Asian Mountain Corridor
Michael D. Frachetti, C. Evan Smith, and Cody Copp
Modeling Archaeological Landscape Transformations in Early Andean Empires
Patrick Ryan Williams, Ana Cristina Londoño, and Megan Hart
PaleoCore: An Open-Source Platform for Geospatial Data Integration in Paleoanthropology
Denné N. Reed, W. Andrew Barr, and John Kappelman
List of Contributors
- Archaeology and Cultural Resource Management: Visions for the Future, edited by Lynne Sebastian and William D. Lipe, 2010
- The Flow of Power: Ancient Water Systems and Landscapes, by Vernon L. Scarborough, 2003
- The Model-Based Archaeology of Socionatural Systems, edited by Timothy A. Kohler and Sander E. van der Leeuw, 2007
- Listen to an interview with contributor Peter Ungar about his book Evolution’s Bite: A Story of Teeth, Diet, and Human Origins (Princeton University Press, 2017).