Consumption and the Market: The Paris Auctions

Moderator: Brian Vallo
Speakers: Richard Begay, Jim Enote, Anthony Moquino, Leigh Kuwanwisiwma

IARC Speaker Series, School for Advanced Research, 660 Garcia Street, Santa Fe

Thursday, April 7, 2016, 6:00 pm

In 2015, the sale of Hopi katsina masks via several Paris auction houses made international headlines, and brought to the forefront the ethics and issues relating to selling sacred cultural items. Perhaps at the heart of these matters is the question of how the spirit of NAGPRA, rather than the literal law, can be given more attention. It is a difficult question to deal with because these items and their worldviews sit outside of dominant society’s frame of reference. Through discussion of the auctions and the Native art market, this panel seeks to explore the broader market for sacred materials, the production of fakes and replicas for the market, and the need for strengthening national laws and creating international repatriation guidelines.




Part One of Two. Videography by John Sadd



Part Two of Two. Videography by John Sadd



Brian ValloBrian ValloPhoto courtesy of SAR.Brian ValloPhoto courtesy of SAR.Brian Vallo, Director of the Indian Arts Research Center at the School for Advanced Research, has over 25 years of experience working with tribal groups throughout the Southwest.  A former Lt. Governor, Director of Historic Preservation, and Founding Director of the Haakú Museum at Acoma Pueblo, his recent work experience extends into the fields of architecture, planning, and the arts.  During his tenure as Director of Historic Preservation, he led an unprecedented capital campaign in partnership with the National Trust for Historic Preservation in support of a comprehensive rehabilitation of the historic San Esteban del Rey Mission and Convent at Acoma.  Brian also led the planning, design, and construction of the Sky City Cultural Center and Haakú Museum following a fire that destroyed the Tourist Center, the Pueblo’s first for-profit operation.  In addition to his work at Acoma, Brian served as the Museum Director at the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, taught at UNM’s School of Architecture and Planning, and was employed as a Tribal Liaison for the UNM Institute for Astrophysics LodeStar Project.  Brian serves on a number of boards including Santa Fe-based Chamiza Foundation, Native American Advised Endowment Fund, Santa Fe Community Foundation, and the City of Santa Fe Arts Commission.




Richard Begay received his B.A. in Anthropology from Dartmouth College (Hanover, NH), and an Ed.M. from the Harvard Graduate School of Education (Cambridge, MA). He worked on the Navajo Indian Reservation in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah as a field archaeologist and later as an ethnologist for various projects, including the Bureau of Reclamation’s Glen Canyon Environmental Studies efforts to document Navajo history of the Grand Canyon region. He’s worked on many other projects on the Navajo reservation, working directly with traditional native elders and documenting oral histories, sacred places, and other resources. Richard also worked in various capacities in the Navajo Nation's Historic Preservation Department, including managing the Tradition Cultural Program that oversees the Tribe’s repatriation of ceremonial items and human remains.

Richard’s career with USDA-NRCS began in January 2011, as a Liaison to the Navajo Nation (NM, AZ, and UT). His duties include outreach to local Native American producers to apply for NRCS conservation programs, and to identify and recommend ways to address issues concerning the development and implementation of conservation projects on Indian lands. He lives on the Navajo reservation and continues to be involved in local cultural resource events and issues.




Jim EnoteJim EnoteCourtesy of Jim EnoteJim EnoteCourtesy of Jim EnoteJim Enote, Zuni farmer and interrupted artist, has explored to a large degree such varied subjects as cultural pattern languages, Zuni architecture as fluxus art, Japanese art after 1945, and map art of indigenous peoples. Born in Zuni, New Mexico, Enote considers his career an odyssey of hitchhiking, watermelon picking, writing, and advocacy for indigenous peoples. Besides currently serving as Director of the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center, he is a member of the Board of Trustees for the Grand Canyon Trust, a Senior Advisor for Mountain Cultures at the Mountain Institute, a New Mexico Community Luminaria, an E.F. Shumacher Society Fellow, and Board Member of the Jessie Smith Noyse Foundation. In 2010, Enote was awarded the Michael M. Ames Prize for Innovative Museum Anthropology. He is now camped out at his work-in-progress home in Zuni.




Anthony MoquinoAnthony MoquinoPhoto courtesy of Anthony Moquino.Anthony MoquinoPhoto courtesy of Anthony Moquino.Anthony Moquino is from Ohkay Owingeh. He is a past Governor and current council member. He continues to be actively involved in the protection and preservation of Pueblo lands and culture. 




Leigh Kuwanwisiwma is the director of the Cultural Preservation Office of the Hopi Tribe. In this position, he has been instrumental in obtaining grants and contracts for cultural resource work on and off the reservation. His work on Hopi cultural affiliation has set the standard for documentation of affiliation under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. Prior to establishing the Cultural Preservation Office, he worked in Hopi Tribal health services.

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