Glossary

Avanyu is a Tewa deity, the guardian of water. It is usually represented as a plumed serpent with undulating curves that mimic the flowing water or lighting. Some suggest that Avanyu is related to the feathered serpent of Mesoamerica, Quetzalcoatl.

Long Walk, also known as the Navajo Long Walk, was the forced relocation to Bosque Redondo and attempted ethnic cleansing of the Navajo people in 1864 through 1868.

Micaceous refers to any material that is composed of mica, a group of sheet silicate (phyllosilicate) minerals. Micaceous materials are known for their lustrous appearance and are especially popular in pottery of the American Southwest.

Reservation is an area of land managed by a Native American tribe under the United States Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs. Reservations are considered to exercise tribal sovereignty, which is the authority of indigenous tribes to govern themselves within the borders of the United States.

Santa Fe Railroad, also known in its long form as the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway, was first chartered in 1859. The railway connected large portions of the American West, including the modern states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Trading Post, also known as trading fort in colonial contexts, is a place or establishment where the trading of goods takes place. Many trading posts were established in the American Southwest during the era of westward expansion.

Westward Expansion refers generally to the period of territorial acquisition by the United States during the nineteenth century. Policies created during this time ruled in favor of nation-building and supported the removal of Native American communities from their homelands.

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