Andean Civilizations

Cup/mugCup/mugMoche (North Coast, Peru), A.D. 300-600
Clay, paint
Courtesy, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution 097245.000
Chimú figureChimú figureChimú (Chan Chan, Peru), A.D. 1200-1400
Wood
Courtesy, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution 157353.000
Cup/mugChimú figure
Ica musician/dancer ear ornamentsIca musician/dancer ear ornamentsIca (Peru), A.D.1200-1500
Gold
Courtesy, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution 178867.000
Ica musician/dancer ear ornaments

In addition to the Maya, the indigenous cultures of the Andes also manufactured art depicting humans. The Moche are famous for creating portrait vessels that depicted rulers and other individuals. They have very realistic human facial features and expressions, with most created in a sculptural fashion. Other mediums were used to create human forms. The Chimú sculpture was carved from wood and is unique in style compared to Maya or Moche. Andean goldsmiths used gold to create jewelry. The gold Ica ear ornaments portray images of ancient Andean life. An individual may have once worn these.

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