Design &

How To





acrylic yarn A man made fiber, not made from wool or plant fiber.

Awatovi A pueblo occupied from the 13th century until 1701.

bayeta yarn A wool yarn obtained by raveling machine woven cloth.

brocade A weaving technique in which an extra, and not structurally necessary, decorative thread is laid in, weft-wise, during the weaving process.

chevron stitch A V-shaped stitch, also called a herringbone stitch.

colcha stitch A New Mexican variation of a couching stitch used in Europe and the Orient for several centuries that covers large areas of background fabric with an economical use of yarn.

embroidery A decorative technique done on previously-woven cloth, in which a needle is used to carry a thread or yarn in and out of the cloth in order to produce a design.

Germantown yarn Aniline dyed, 4-ply wool, originally manufactured in the area of Germantown, PA.

indigo A blue dye obtained from the indigo plant.

kiva An underground, or partly underground, chamber in a Pueblo village, used for ceremonies or councils.

manta A woven, rectangular cloth that is worn by women either as a dress or a shawl. Made by the Pueblo people in wool and/or cotton.

negative patterning A design style in which the background material “peeks through” the predominant surface decoration (embroidery) creating a pattern.

Pueblo stitch A variant of the back stitch that is unique to the Pueblo people, used for covering a large area with an efficient use of yarn, and for creating designs with negative patterning.

Saxony yarn A machine spun 3-ply wool yarn, imported from Europe during the mid 1800's.

selvage The edge of a fabric that is woven so that it will not fray or ravel.

sprang A finger-manipulated, non-loom, braiding technique

textile Fabric or cloth, made by any number of techniques, e.g., weaving, knitting, plaiting.

tie-dye A dyeing technique in which design areas are bound or tied in order to prevent the dye penetrating the bound area while the textile is soaking in the dye bath, producing a pattern by contrasting the dyed areas with the original undyed cloth.

twill A fabric with diagonal parallel ribs, or the weave used to produce such a fabric (also known as float weave).

warp The foundation threads that are placed on the loom prior to weaving through which the wefts are placed.

weft The horizontal threads interlaced through the warp in a woven fabric.

 School for Advanced Research