Khalil Anthony Johnson Jr.
Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Summer Scholar
Red, Black, and Brown: African American Educators in Indian Country
Khalil Johnson will be working on his dissertation, which is unveiling an unintended consequence of the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education decision: the displacement of African American educators from Southern schools in the wake of desegregation, which sent hundreds of black teachers into Bureau of Indian Affairs schools on reservations across the United States. Excluded from the protections of true citizenship in the South, Black teachers found relative security through this federal employment, only to become functionaries in the government’s efforts to assimilate another internally colonized people. While differing statuses of inequality made African Americans and Native Americans competitors in the struggle for equal rights and self-determination, a shared sense of oppression often fostered affinities and alliances across racial lines. This migration narrative ruptures the partition dividing twentieth-century Black and Indian history and connects the educational history of both groups to shed new light on the long civil rights struggle.
Affiliation at time of award:
PhD Candidate, Departments of American Studies & African American Studies, Yale University
Sponsored by Ethel-Jane Westfeldt Bunting Foundation