Archaeology of the Jemez Pueblo Revolt

Overnight in Jemez Springs

Field Trip

Saturday, October 1–Sunday, October 2, 2011

Warrior Petroglyph at AstialakwaWarrior Petroglyph at AstialakwaPhotograph courtesy Matthew Liebmann

During this two-day hiking adventure, we will visit three of the Jemez refuge pueblos constructed in the immediate aftermath of the 1680 Pueblo Revolt. The first site we explore is Patokwa Pueblo, which was built in 1681 after the Jemez people burned the mission village to the ground in an attempt to purge their world of Spanish influence. A classic dual-plaza pueblo, Patokwa (“village of the turquoise moiety”) sits atop a flat mesa near the confluence of two rivers. It contains the remains of a fourteenth-century Pueblo village, as well as the Revolt-era architecture and a small mission church and convento complex constructed in 1695 after the Spanish reconquest. Access to Patokwa involves a short (1/3 mile) hike, with an elevation gain of approximately 200 feet.

After a picnic lunch, we visit Patokwa’s sister village, Boletsakwa (“village of the abalone shell”), which was constructed by a splinter faction that left Patokwa following a Ute raid to seek the safety of nearby San Juan Mesa, where they were joined by refugees from Santo Domingo Pueblo. Like Patokwa, Boletsakwa also sits directly adjacent to the remains of a pre-Contact village, with the later 1680s construction clearly visible with its intact standing walls. To reach this site, we will hike approximately 1/2 mile with an elevation gain of 250 feet.

On Sunday, we will visit the last refuge and stronghold of the Jemez during the Pueblo Revolt era, the village of Astialakwa (“place where they threw the grinding stones”). This village was the site of the penultimate armed conflict of the Reconquista of New Mexico, a battle with Diego de Vargas in July of 1694. Astialakwa sits high atop San Diego Mesa and requires a strenuous round-trip hike of 6 miles, with a vertical gain of roughly 1000 feet. But those who brave the journey will be rewarded with truly breathtaking views of the beautiful Jemez Valley and nearby Redondo Peak. The village itself consists of 190 rooms as well as multiple rock art panels and defensive walls, ramparts, and sling stones stockpiled for ammunition against the attacking Spaniards.

Our guide will be Dr. Matthew Liebmann of Harvard University, an archaeologist who has spent the past decade investigating the Revolt era in the Jemez province. His research will soon appear in an SAR Press volume that is the result of an SAR Advanced Seminar held in late 2008.

Activity Level: Very Strenuous, involves hiking on little-used trails with elevation gains of between 200 feet to 1000 feet over distances from one to six miles round-trip.

Cost (per person): $210, (double occupancy), $250 (single occupancy). Cost includes roundtrip 4WD transportation from Santa Fe; overnight accommodations at the Valles Caldera Science Education Center in Jemez Springs, NM; 2 picnic lunches, breakfast, and dinner at Los Ojos Restaurant; and guide honorarium.

Optional: $10 per person to soak in the beautiful hot spring pools at the Bodhimanda Zen Center in Jemez Springs.

*Please note that the rooms at the Valles Caldera Science Education Center are simply furnished with 2 twin beds and include a private bathroom.

Trip Registration—New Policy: To ensure that field trip registration is equitable, SAR will be using a lottery system. Please send your field trip requests (PDF, 449 KB) by mail (postmarked no later than May 1, 2011). A drawing will then be held for each trip, and members will be notified of the results by May 15, 2011. Please note that memberships at or above the Galisteo level receive advance registration.

For more information, visit the Field Trips section.

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