The Poarch Band of Creek Indians, first noted in published records in the 1940s by anthropologist Frank Speck, is located in Alabama, a place where many incorrectly assume that no Native people remain. Yet, the Poarch community has been and remains a vibrant hub of cultural activity that now includes thriving tribal businesses. This talk will explore Poarch Creek identity in the context of Southern race relations. What happens to a group that contradicts the black-white binary in Southern racial relations? How does educational desegregation affect all-Indian schools like the Poarch Creek Consolidated Indian School? How does racial discrimination in the Jim Crow South affect the way in which community bonds are formed and maintained presently?