‘Half Indians’: Pueblo Governance and Sovereignty after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Tracy L. Brown, Professor of Anthropology, Department of Sociology, Anthropology & Social Work, Central Michigan University
Colloquium, The School for Advanced Research, 660 Garcia Street, Santa Fe
Wednesday, July 27, 2016, 12:00–1:00 pm, Free
The status of Pueblo peoples in New Mexico after the US-Mexican War was unclear. While the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo guaranteed all Mexican citizens living in the territory US citizenship (unless they wished to remain Mexican citizens), the treaty said nothing about the issue of the status of Pueblo Indians in the new territory. For decades, authorities debated whether or not Pueblos were “real” Indians because they did not live like Indian peoples with which government officials in the late nineteenth century were most familiar: the nomadic hunters and gatherers of the Plains. It was not until 1913 that the Supreme Court declared in United States v. Sandoval that Pueblos should fall under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Dr. Brown will be conducting archival research at the State Records Center and the Center for Southwest Studies this summer investigating how (or if) this ambiguous status impacted the political functioning of Pueblo communities between 1848 and 1913. During her colloquia presentation, she will discuss her findings and the status of her project.